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Titre :L'affaire K rus O [L’affaire Caruso]
Compositeur(s) et-ou auteur(s) :Martin, Clément
Interprète(s) :Gaudet, Charlotte
Fichier audio :Cliquez pour écouter
Photo(s) :
PhotoPhoto
PhotoPhoto
PhotoPhoto
PhotoPhoto
PhotoPhoto
Support d'enregistrement :Cylindre
Format :Standard (enregistrement acoustique)
Lieu d'enregistrement :Paris, France
Marque de fabrique, label :Edison
Numéro de double-face :17843
État :Exc, crépite
Vitesse (tours/minute) :160
Matériel employé au transfert :Archéophone, pointe Edison sur Stanton, Elberg MD12 : courbe hmv, passe-bas 4kHz
Date du transfert :29-04-2021
Commentaires :Référence à Enrico Caruso, d'après un fait divers : En novembre 1906, accusé d'avoir accosté, d’une façon contestable, une femme dans un zoo, le ténor Enrico Caruso est condamné à une amende de 10 dollars.
Texte du contenu :L'affaire Caruso, chanté par Madame Gaudet à l'Eldorado, record Edison

Caruso l'ténor italien
Un jour chez les américains
Aperçut devant la cage des singes
Une femme qui avait du beau linge
Et puis Caruso s'dit :
- Cette femme s'rait très bien dans mon lit

Voyant qu'la belle ne répondait rien
L'ténor employa l'grand moyen
Et dit : Madame mes bras fascinent
Et je possède une très bonne mine
Une mine d'or au Pérou
Aimez-moi ma mine est à vous !

Devant cette proposition
La belle réplique : - vous êtes un cochon
Mais Caruso l'coeur en flamme
S'approcha tout près de la dame
Fortement la pinça
Pas dans l'dos mais un peu plus bas

Relevant sa voilette elle lui dit :
- Je te prends en flagrant délit
Et Caruso vit, ô supplice,
Que c'était un agent de police
Qui avait, le malin,
Revêtu un costume féminin.

Quand devant les juges ils ont paru
L'policeman le chargea tant et plus
Que Caruso, c'est triste à dire,
Pour s'être comporté comme satyre
Fut condamné sans retard
À une amende de 10 dollars.

Si en France on faisait c'truc-là
Notre budget serait gros et gras
Car dans l'intérêt du service
Tous nos braves agents de police
Se feraient pincer pour de bon
Afin de dresser contravention.

- - -

Écrite d'après un réel fait divers, la chanson se résume ainsi : accusé d'avoir accosté une jeune femme dans un zoo à New-York, Caruso est condamné à une amende de 10 dollars. La jeune femme est en fait, un policeman travesti.

L'histoire du policier travesti est fausse, mais l'affaire a réellement existé, alimentant la presse copieusement, en particulier le New-York Times durant plusieurs semaines. Il semble que Caruso, effectivement arrêté le 16 novembre 1906, puis condamné à une amende de 10 dollars, ait été innocent, entraîné dans un procès inique. Emma Eames, Mary Garden, Jean de Reszké, Giacomo Puccini, Jules Claretie... ainsi que l'ancien chef de la police de New-York ! ont soutenu Caruso publiquement à cette occasion.

Bien plus tard, ce honteux procès a été vu comme résultant d'une bataille entre des forces de police très largement issues de l'immigration Irlandaise et un éminent représentant de l'immigration italienne concurrente. En 1906 à New-York, Italiens et Irlandais étaient les deux grands groupes de nouveaux arrivants, antagonistes dans leur lutte pour le travail et la représentaiton politique.

Sources :
Ruth Bauerle : Caruso's Sin in the Fiendish Park: "The Possible Was the Improbable and the Improbable the Inevitable", James Joyce Quarterly, Vol. 38, No. 1/2, Joyce and Opera (Fall, 2000 - Winter, 2001), pp. 125-142. - https://www.jstor.org/stable/25477781

Howard Greenfeld, Caruso, New-York, Putnam, 1983, p. 121-122.

- https://narkive.com/d60nZIJo:1.3511.575
- https://rec.music.opera.narkive.com/d60nZIJo/caruso-in-the-monkey-house-will-we-ever-know-the-truth
- https://web.archive.org/web/*/https://rec.music.opera.narkive.com/d60nZIJo/caruso-in-the-monkey-house-will-we-ever-know-the-truth

- - -

L'affaire avait fait l'objet de beaucoup d'articles du New-York Times, en voici des fragments :

New-York Times, November 17, 1906, Page 1.
SIGNOR CARUSO, TENOR, ARRESTED IN THE ZOO;
Charged by a Policeman with Annoying a Woman.
SHE CONFIRMS THE CHARGE
Tenor, Taken Weeping to a Cell -- Protests His Innocence -- Conried Bails
Him Out. Signor Enrico Caruso, principal tenor of the Metropolitan Opera Company, was arrested yesterday afternoon in the monkey house in Central Park on a charge of annoying a woman who stood near him. [...]

- - -

New York Times: Nov 18, 1906.
POLICE ADD TO CHARGES AGAINST SIGNOR CARUSO;
Say They Watched Him in the Park Months Ago and Once Ejected Him
Warm Denial of This -- Tenor Ill at His Hotel and Woman Complainant Is
Missing.

Signor Enrico Caruso, principal tenor of the Metropolitan Opera Company, did not appear yesterday morning in the Yorkville Court to answer the charge of annoying a woman in the monkey house in Central Park on Friday afternoon. Nor did the woman, who in the Park Police Station said she was "Mrs. Hannah Graham of 1,765 Bathgate Avenue, the Bronx," where she is not known, respond. [...]

- - -

New York Times Nov 19, 1906.
CARUSO LAUGHS AT TALK THAT HE'LL SAIL AWAY;
And Hints Now That Blackmail Was Intended in His Arrest.
BUT DOES NOT EXPLAIN HOW
Walks in Fifth Avenue, and Seems Supremely Confident -- Policeman Talks a
Great Deal More.

Enrico Caruso, the tenor, has completely recovered from the sudden attack of sciatica which prevented his appearing in court on Saturday to answer the charge of annoying a woman who said she was "Mrs. Hannah Graham." He went walking in Fifth Avenue yesterday, drove a little, dined with Heinrich
Conried, and last night even talked with a TIMES reporter about the charge
against him, laughing. [...]

- - -

New York Times Nov 20, 1906.
CARUSO MAY SUE CITY IF CASE ISN'T PROVED;
Tenor and Herr Conried Summon Reporters to an Interview.
CHARGE AGAIN DENIED
But the Police Stoutly Declare They'll Appear in Court Prepared to Convict.

If Enrico Caruso, the singer, is discharged in the Yorkville Court
to-morrow, when the case against him for alleged insulting conduct toward
"Mrs. Hannah Graham" in the monkey house of the Central Park Zoo is called,
he may sue the city for false imprisonment. That such would be the course
pursued was intimated yesterday by the singer through an interpreter and
Herr Conried. [...]

- - -

New York Times Nov 21, 1906.
POLICE HAVE FAILED TO FIND "MRS. GRAHAM";
Won't Be Able to Produce Her Against Caruso To-day,
BUT WILL MAKE A HARD FIGHT
Attempt to be Made to Introduce Testimony as to Alleged Former Acts by Tenor in the Park.

According to all that could be learned last night, there is little probability that the police will be able to produce to-day "Hannah Graham," the woman who last Friday caused Enrico Caruso, the tenor, to be locked up in the East Sixty-seventh Street Police Station on a charge of annoying her in the monkey house in Central Park. [...]

- - -

New York Times Nov 22, 1906.
CARUSO IN COURT; CASE NOT ENDED;
Police and a Volunteer Witness Testify to Park Incidents.
MRS. GRAHAM" STILL MISSING
Tenor Now Testifies That She Ogled Him in the Monkey House -- Police Swear
She Struck Him.
For nearly three hours yesterday Enrico Caruso, the tenor, stood perspiring
in the stuffy Yorkville Police Court, crushed and crowded by policemen,
reporters and plain spectators. To-day he will have to go through the same
ordeal, for the case was not finished when 5 o'clock arrived, and by common
consent it went over.

- - -

New York Times Nov 23, 1906.
MAY GET "MRS. GRAHAM" TO FACE CARUSO TO-DAY;
Mr. Mathot Says He Hopes to Have Her in Court.
ANOTHER ACCUSER PRODUCED
And a Third Was Said to be Ready --
Caruso Is Now Under a Throat Specialist's Care.
From information which reached them late yesterday afternoon, and on which
they were at work last night, the police expect that "Mrs. Hannah Graham,"
the woman whom Signor Enrico Caruso, the tenor, is accused of annoying in
the monkey house in Central Park last Friday, will be in court this morning
when the hearing of the case is resumed.

- - -

New York Times Nov 24, 1906.
CARUSO CONVICTED BUT WILL APPEAL;
The Magistrate Fines Him $10 for Insulting Women.
BUT WILL SING NEVERTHELESS
To Begin Next Wednesday, Though His Throat Is Tender --
Mathot Hissed as He Denounces Audience.
Enrico Caruso, the most famous operatic tenor in the world, was found guilty
yesterday of annoying women in the Central Park Zoo, and Magistrate Baker,
in Yorkville Court, fined him $10, the maximum fine for the misdemeanor
known as disorderly conduct. Immediately after the verdict had been
announced, ex-Judge A.J. Dittenhoefer, Caruso's counsel, announced that the
case would be appealed.

- - -

New York Times Nov 25, 1906.
CARUSO APPEAL IS READY; HIS SINGING NOT SO SURE;
The Tenor Forbidden to Talk, So Delicate Is His Throat.
DIPPEL REHEARSES HIS PART
But the Conried Management Still Says Caruso Will Appear on Wednesday, If He
Can.
The application of Enrico Caruso, the tenor, for leave to appeal against the
decision declaring him guilty of disorderly conduct in annoying women in the
Central Park monkey house, will be presented to General Sessions to-morrow.
It is expected that the appeal will be granted within a day, and that the
whole case will be reviewed and the decision of the higher court handed down

- - -

New York Times Nov 26, 1906
MAY CLOSE MONKEY HOUSE AFTER CARUSO INCIDENT;
Park Commissioner Hesitates, but Is Considering It.
A THRONG THERE YESTERDAY
And It Was None Too Orderly -- Not Yet Certain That Caruso Will Sing
Wednesday.

As a result of the arrest and conviction of Enrico Caruso, the monkey house
in the Central Park Zoo, where the tenor's misconduct is alleged to have
taken place, may be closed to the public either temporarily or permanently.
Park Commissioner Herrman is making an investigation to ascertain whether or
not the closing of the place is advisable.

- - -

New York Times Nov 27, 1906.
COURT GRANTS CARUSO AN APPEAL OF HIS CASE;
Mathot Defends the Secrecy Observed in Other Similar Trials.
WITHHOLDS CULPRITS' NAMES
The Tenor Will Probably Sing To-morrow Night -- Fear of a Disturbance In the
Gallery.
COURT GRANTS CARUSO AN APPEAL OF HIS CASE
The case of Enrico Caruso, the tenor, who was
convicted of annoying a woman and fined $10 in the Yorkville Court on
Friday, was appealed yesterday, Justice O'Sullivan of the Court of General
Sessions granting the application. It was ascertained during the day that
the singer had recovered from his throat trouble to such an extent that the
likelihood of his singing to-morrow night was ...

- - -

New York Times Nov 29, 1906.
" MRS. GRAHAM" FOUND;
OPERA CHEERS CARUSO;
His Accuser, an ex-Ball Player's Wife, Never Left the City.
TELLS WHY SHE HID HERSELF

Says Relatives Kept Her from Testifying, and Police Let Her Conceal Her
Identity.

The woman who gave her name to the police as "Mrs. Hannah Graham" when
Enrico Caruso, the singer, was arrested in the monkey house in Central Park,
has been found. Her name is Mrs. Adam Stanhope and she is the wife of a
professional ball player. In an interview yesterday she said that Caruso had
insulted her in the monkey house.

- - -
New York Times. Dec 6, 1906.
NOT CARUSO, SAYS HE.;
' Twas I, His Brother-in-Law, Who Had Trouble in the Monkey House.
GLEN RIDGE, N.J., Dec. 5. -- Victor Emmanuel Iacoletti of 231 Baldwin
Street, this place, who is a brother-in-law, according to his own story, of
Enrico Caruso, the tenor, says he is the man whom Policeman Caine ordered
out of the monkey house in Central Park on Dec. 18 last year, but he was
ordered out under a misapprehension.

- - -

New York Times Dec 30, 1906.
CARUSO LOSES APPEAL, BUT WILL APPEAL AGAIN;
Recorder Upholds Magistrate Who Convicted the Singer.
CASE TRIED IN PROPER COURT
And the Presence of "Hannah Graham" Was Not Necessary, Says the Recorder.
Recorder Goff affirmed yesterday the conviction of Enrico Caruso, the
Metropolitan Opera House tenor, who was fined $10 by Magistrate Baker in the
Yorkville Court for annoying women in the monkey house in Central Park.
Though the appeal of Judge Dittenhoefer, Caruso's counsel, is denied, a
member of his firm announced last night that a further appeal would be made
to the Appellate Division of ...

- - -

New York Times Nov 17, 1907.

MANHATTAN SINGER ARRESTED;
As Caruso Was, in the Monkey House -- Discharged for Lack of Evidence.
Policeman Caine, who arrested Enrico Caruso, the tenor, in the monkey house
in Central Park last year, arrested there yesterday afternoon two other men
who said they were opera singers. They were locked up in the Arsenal Station
charged with endangering the morals of five young boys.





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Autre version de cette anecdote, absolument fantaisiste, et non sourcée : quoique chanteur, Caruso fumait des cigares, une douzaine d'immenses cigares de La Havane par jour, particularité étrange pour un ténor. Caruso se trouvait à New-York, il traversait Central Park, quand une jeune américiane peut-être un peu exaltée l'accuse de lui avoir tenu des propos inconsidérés, et de l'avoir embrassée de force. La foule new-yorkaise grouille autour, on ne sait pas que c'est Caruso, on le désigne aussitôt comme un infâme suborneur, et le policeman l'accuse : « - alors vous vous êtes jeté sur elle - Monsieur je pense que c'est impossible, et je crois que j'ai une preuve. Il montre son cigare en désignant les 3 cm de cendre restés sur le cigare : - avouez dit Caruso, que si j'avais dû embrasser cette jeune fille, ces 3cm de cendre ne seraient pas restés en place... ou alors, c'est que cette demoiselle aurait été consentante. »



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